Sometimes it happens that the birthmark is required to be removed, as it spoils the appearance or is constantly injured by clothes. But it is necessary to remember: you shouldn’t ever get rid of the birthmark by yourself : to cauterize, cut out or use any other way. The reason is that such injured birthmark can easily pass in a malignant tumor. For this reason surgeons send any remote birthmark on research to laboratory.

A birthmark – what is it?

Birthmark are developed anomalies of a tissue and meet practically at each person. The birthmark represents a congestion melanocit (the cages of a skin containing pigmentary granules – which number increases at sunburn) various degree of a maturity (from completely ripened to young and unripe).

Birthmarks appear on a skin and on mucous membranes. There are distinguished the following kinds of birthmarks by structure: Boundary, difficult, intra skin, huge pigmentation. The most widespread kind of birthmarks – a boundary birthmark which appears on face skin, necks, trunks in the form of a flat small knot of dark brown color with a smooth surface no more than 1 cm in diameter.

What problems can appear from a birthmark

The Birthmark can regenerate to melanoma (a malignant tumor) so from usual birthmarks (boundary) half of them evolves into a melanoma (the others appear irrespective of birthmarks). It is promoted by traumas, sunburn, hormonal reorganization (youthful age, pregnancy).

Melanoma sprouts in surrounding fabrics, extends through blood and a lymph. Trouble can be suspected, if the birthmark has suddenly increased, became bigger and has darkened (or has sharply turned pale), which began to become wet or bleed. There also has appeared an itch, burning or a pain, the skin round the birthmark has inflamed and has reddened. In all these cases it is necessary to address to the surgeon.

How to get rid of Birthmarks

If the birthmark spoils the appearance or is placed where it is constantly injured it can be removed in the surgical way. If a birthmark is very big, than a stage-by-stage removal procedure is made. After removal of a birthmark a fabric slice necessarily direct on research to laboratory for an exception of its malignant nature. At detection of malignant cages treatment is spent only in specialized establishments (oncological clinics) duly.

Methods of removal of birthmarks

There are used different technologies for removing of the birthmark, they are chosen by the doctor. Sometimes the birthmark is removed only, but often it is required to remove and healthy tissues of the skin.

There are various technologies of removal of birthmarks: by means of a scalpel, liquid nitrogen, electro influences (electrocoagulation), influences by the laser or radio-waves.

A classical method – removal of birthmarks by means of a scalpel. It is applied seldom enough as often leaves after itself considerable hems. In such a way usually delete flat birthmarks. Electrocoagulation – one of the most widespread ways. Electrocoagulation causes thermal defeat of a fabric round a deleted zone so, it is really painful.

Crio destruction – removal of a birthmark by means of a cold formed from liquid nitrogen. It also not the best way as the cold, as well as warmly, causes negative influence on a skin and surrounding fabrics.

Removal by means of the laser – to the invention radio wave surgeries this method was the most effective. By means of the laser birthmarks more than 2 cm in diameter leave. The method of radio wave surgery is a new method, (device “Surgetron”) demands presence of the expensive equipment, but it and the most safe way of removal of birthmarks as it does not cause burns and in the course of birthmark removal “solders” blood vessels, excepting a bleeding.

After the surgery

On a place of removal of a birthmark there is a crust which cannot be wetted within 4-5 days. It is necessary to avoid hit on this crust of creams, lotions, decorative cosmetics. It is impossible to delete a crust , it is necessary to wait, when it will disappear. When the crust will disappear, on its place there will be a gentle, pink skin which needs to be protected from the sun, putting on this place a special protective cream.

You should do it until this part of the skin will have the same color as the skin surrounding. If you need to remove a birthmark you should address to the surgeon – he will choose a way of removal and will make it duly.